NEW YORK STATE
REAL PROPERTY ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS LAW
SHORT TITLE; DEFINITIONS; JURISDICTION OF CERTAIN ACTIONS;
CONSTRUCTION OF ACT
Section 101. Short title.
121. Jurisdiction of certain actions relating
to real property situate without the state.
131. Construction of act of reconsolidation.
Sec. 101. SHORT TITLE.
This chapter shall be known as the real property actions and
proceedings law and may be cited as "RPAPL".
Sec. 111. DEFINITIONS.
1. As used in section 1641 of this chapter and in sections 1901
and 1911 of this chapter, the terms "real property" and
"lands" are co-extensive in meaning with lands, tenements
2. As used in section 1921, the term "real property" includes
lands, tenements and hereditaments and chattels real, except
a lease for a term not exceeding three years.
3. As used in this chapter the term "incompetent" or
"incompetent person" means a person incompetent to manage
his affairs of whose property a committee has been appointed
pursuant to section 78.03 or a person of whose property a
committee has been appointed pursuant to section 78.07 of
the mental hygiene law.
4. As used in this chapter the term "infant" or "minor" means a
person who has not attained the age of eighteen years.
5. As used in this chapter, the term "conservatee" means a
person under substantial impairment within the meaning of
the conservatorship provisions of article seventy-seven of
the mental hygiene law for whom a conservator has been
Sec. 121. JURISDICTION OF CERTAIN ACTIONS RELATING TO REAL
PROPERTY SITUATE WITHOUT THE STATE.
An action may be maintained in the courts of this state to
recover damages for injuries to real estate without the state, or
for breach of contracts or of covenants relating thereto,
whenever such an action could be maintained in relation to
personal property without the state. The action must be tried in
the county in which the parties or some one thereof resides, or
if no party resides within the state, in any county.
Sec. 131. CONSTRUCTION OF ACT OF RECONSOLIDATION.
1. This chapter shall be construed as a continuation and
reenactment of the provisions of the real property law
repealed by article 21 hereof as such provisions existed on
December 31, 1961.
2. The repeal by this chapter of provisions of the real
property law specified in article 21 hereof and the
enactment of this chapter shall not affect any action or
proceeding pending under any such provision at the time this
chapter shall take effect.
3. Any act of the legislature of the year 1962 or 1963 which in
form amends or repeals or purports to amend or repeal any
provision or provisions of the real property law repealed by
article 21 of this chapter shall be legally effective
notwithstanding the repeal of such provision or provisions
and shall be construed as an amendment or repeal, as the
case may be, of the corresponding provision or provisions of
this chapter, and such corresponding provisions shall be
construed to be amended, modified, changed or repealed as
though they had been expressly and in terms so amended or
4. Reference by any law, general or special, in force on
December 31, 1961, or in any act of the legislature of the
year 1962 or 1963, to a provision of the real property law
repealed by article 21 of this chapter as in force
immediately before the time this chapter shall take effect
shall be construed to refer to the corresponding provision
of this chapter.